Java Program to Find Frequency of Characters in a String

Java Program to Find Frequency of Characters in a String

Finding characters frequency of a String means calculating the occurrence of  each alphabet present in the string. Since there's no pre-build function present in Java for calculating the occurrence of the characters or alphabets so, we have to write a program which will give the frequency of characters present in the string. Let's get started.
Frequency of Characters in a String

Logic: Characters Frequency in a String

First we have take an integer array of size 26 having all its elements equal to zero.
Than we have to traverse the string 26 times in search of all the 26 alphabets one by one.
If the string character matches to the searching alphabet than we have to increment the value stored at that particular index of int array by 1.

confused? have a look at the source code given below.

Source Code

class CharFrequency {
    static int[] charFreq(String s){
        s=s.toLowerCase();  //convert to lowercase alphabets
        int freq[]=new int[26]; //array for counting freq of all alphabets
        for(int i=0,c=97; i<26; i++,c++){
            for(int j=0; j<s.length(); j++){
                char ch=s.charAt(j); //traversing the string
                if(ch==c) //checking string for 'a' i.e 97 then 'b' i.e 98 and so on
                    freq[i]++; //increasing count of those aplhabets which are present in the string
        return freq;    //returning array having freq of alphabests present in String s
    public static void main(String args[]){

        String s = "Java Programming";
        //Getting the frequency
        int freq[]=charFreq(s);
        //printing the output
        for(int i=0,c=97; i<26; i++,c++){
            if(freq[i]!=0){ //alphabet having freq > 0
                char ch = (char) c;


Output: character Frequency Java


This is the most basic approach for finding the characters frequency.
Here we made a function named charFreq which takes the string as an argument and returns an array of integers which have the calculated frequency of all the alphabets present in the input string.
Firstly we converted the entire string to lower-case characters for the further operations and defined an integer array freq[] of  size 26 (default value of all the elements in an integer array is zero).
Then as mentioned in the Logic above we have to traverse the string 26 times for each and every character on by one. Here we are taking alphabets as 97, 98, 99 and so on which is the ascii value of lower-case alphabets. when the string character matches with our searching alphabet then we increase the value at that index in an array freq[i]++. Finally at the end the function returns an array of integers having the frequency of characters.

Using the Function: int array[] = charFreq( "you string here" );

Extracting value from array: array[ index_between_1_to_26 ]
e.g  array[2] will give the occurrence of 'c'


There are many other logics by which we can perform the same task, above logic is the most simple approach for finding the character frequency of a string. You may try your own logic and do share with us!
If you like this post please like and share with your friends and feel free to coment if you have any queries related to this program.

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